ⓘ Schwarzenstein Castle

                                     

ⓘ Schwarzenstein Castle

The Obersaxen plateau first appears in historic records in 765 when Bishop Tello gave his farms and meadows there to Disentis Abbey. In 806 it became an Imperial Estate, which it remained until 956 when Emperor Otto I donated the village and the village church back to the Bishop of Chur. To control this important village along the Rhine river, four castles were built at various points throughout the Middle Ages. The first was Heidenberg above Tavanasa which may have been built as early as 1000. Moregg and Saxenstein were both built on the eastern side of Obersaxen around 1200. The last and largest of the four, Schwarzenstein, was built in the mid 13th century.

The castle was probably built for Freiherr background Rhazuns, as they extended their authority on a plateau Obersaxen. He was probably home to a number of Vogts was appointed Baron. It first appears in historical records in 1289, when Hartwig von Lowenstein was ordered to return to Castrum de Swarzenstain, which he captured during the fighting in the region, Brun Rhazuns Heinrich von. In the 14th century Walser in the Upper Valais was granted the right to appoint the amtmann or his bailiff. Under this new system of governance Vogt was unnecessary and was no longer needed Vogt in Schwarzenstein, or any of the other three locks. In 1468 Schwarzenstein, Saxenstein and Moregg mentioned, but was abandoned and Heidenberg was not even mentioned.